Quantum Time Crystals

Time crystals—how scientists created a new state of matter

>>> What is a [Quantum] Time Crystal?

A time crystal or space-time crystal is a state of matter that repeats in time, as well as in space. Normal three-dimensional crystals have a repeating pattern in space, but remain unchanged as time passes. Time crystals repeat themselves in time as well, leading the crystal to change from moment to moment.

Its considered a new state of matter.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_crystal

See this short introductory video

See this longer more technical video

>>> History

The idea of a quantized time crystal was first described by Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012. In 2014 Krzysztof Sacha predicted the behavior of discrete time crystals in a periodically-driven many-body system and in 2016, Norman Yao et al. proposed a different way to create discrete time crystals in spin systems.

From there, Christopher Monroe and Mikhail Lukin independently confirmed this in their labs. Both experiments were published in Nature in 2017.

In 2019 it was theoretically proven that a quantum time crystal can be realized in isolated systems with long range multi-particle interactions.

>>> How were they first created?

Folks at University of Maryland took 10 Ytterbium atoms and then used a laser to create an electromagnetic field around those atoms. Which entangled various atoms in repeating patterns before blasting it with a second laser which jostled the atoms.

And as predicted as energy was introduced into the system – it never stopped and after a while it started moving in an oscilating pattern which was not created by the laser in the first place.

But a team from Harvard did it in a totally different way. They used Nitrogen Vacancy Centers which are flaws in diamonds.

Since then people have created Time Crystals in multiple other ways.

>>> Ultracold & Condensed Matter Physics

We need to create Time Crystals at one ten thousandth of a degree from absolute zero (0.0001K or -273.15°C). So thats ultracold physics.

And crystals are basically condensed matter [physics].

>>> Broken Time Translation Symmetry & Law of Conservation of Energy

Symmetries in nature lead directly to conservation laws, something which is precisely formulated by the Noether theorem

The basic idea of time-translation symmetry is that a translation in time has no effect on physical laws, i.e. that the laws of nature that apply today were the same in the past and will be the same in the future. This symmetry implies the conservation of energy.

Noether Theorem

Noether's theorem or Noether's first theorem states that every differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law. The theorem was proven by mathematician Emmy Noether in 1915 and published in 1918, after a special case was proven by E. Cosserat and F. Cosserat in 1909

>>> Applications

First of all Time Crystals make a Perfect Time Piece. We can use them to create clocks that are infinitely more precise than current Atomic Clocks. Because of their constant, repeating motion in time despite no external input. Their atoms are constantly oscillating, spinning, or moving first in one direction, and then the other. They endlessly move perfectly in repeating patterns with time. At a certain frequency without using any extra external energy input. They could also improve technology such as gyroscopes, and systems that rely on atomic clocks, such as GPS.

The quantum nature of time crystals shift from moment to moment in a predictable, repeating pattern — can be used to simulate large, specialized networks, such as communication systems or artificial intelligence.

“In the classical world, this would be impossible as it would require a huge amount of computing resources,” said Marta Estarellas, one of the first authors of the paper from the National Institute of Informatics. “We are not only bringing a new method to represent and understand quantum processes, but also a different way to look at quantum computers.” their goal is to propose real applications for embedding exponentially large complex networks in a few qubits, or quantum bits.

>>> New & Better Topological Quantum Computers

“Time crystals form when arbitrary physical states of a periodically driven system spontaneously break discrete time-translation symmetry.” What the researchers noticed is that when they introduced “one-dimensional time-crystalline topological superconductors” they found a fascinating interaction where “time-translation symmetry breaking and topological physics intertwine—yielding anomalous Floquet Majorana modes that are not possible in free-fermion systems.”

Majorana fermions are particles that have their own anti-particles.

The research was led by Jason Alicea and Aaron Chew from CalTech, as well as David Mross from the Weizmann Institute in Israel.

While studying Majorana fermions, the team observed that it is possible to enhance topological superconductors by coupling them to magnetic degrees of freedom that could be controlled. “Then we realized that by turning those magnetic degrees of freedom into a time crystal, topological superconductivity responds in remarkable ways,” shared Alicea.

One way the phenomen noticed by the scientists could be potentially exploited is to create more stable qubits – the bit of quantum information in quantum computing. The race to create qubits is at the threshold of bringing on a true quantum technology revolution.

“It’s tempting to imagine generating some useful quantum operations by controlling the magnetic degrees of freedom that intertwine with the topological physics. Or perhaps certain noise channels can be suppressed by exploiting time crystals,” said Alicea.

https://bigthink.com/surprising-science/scientists-discover-how-to-use-time-crystals-to-power-superconductors

>>> The Bullshit Explanation

Unlike clocks or any other known objects, time crystals derive their movement not from stored energy but from a break in the symmetry of time, enabling a special form of perpetual motion.

The nonsense explanation given by 3000 BC Pseudo Scientists is that – Time crystals “spontaneously” break time-translational symmetry . They emphasize “spontaneous” breaking of Time translation symmetry and Laws of conservation of energy. That somehow is ok according to their theories of physics. Hence they imply and assert that their theoretical Laws of Time Translation Symmetry and Laws of Conservation of Energy still hold as unviolatable laws of physics of our universe.

We all know that this is utter rubbish. Automatski has uncovered the underlying algorithm of the functioning of the universe. And we can state that this is the worst explanation possible and a nonsensical effort to still stick to one’s archaic outdated theories even in the face of counter-facts. This is an act of desperation by 3000 BC pseudo science in the absence of better explanations and theories at their disposal.

>>> Conclusion

While Time Crystals are a new state of matter and the entire physics community is excited about it and its prospective applications. Including the possibility of being able to create Topological Quantum Computers which will be error free.

But more than that this is a inflection point moment in history. We are looking at the possibility of completely new physics. And having to develop new physics theories to explain our universe. (Outside Automatski) At Automatski we pretty much have all this covered since 1990’s. But for the rest of the world this is a moment for a reality check.

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